Under state and federal drug-free work place programs include the following:
- Both employees and applicants may be tested.
- Tests may be conducted pre-employment,”upon reasonable suspicion” or “for cause,” at random, routinely, and/or post treatment or rehabilitation. Random testing involves unannounced, “suspicionless,” and/or non-routine testing that may be indiscriminately applied to some, but not all, employees.
- Basic tests screen for amphetamines (speed, meth, ecstasy, crank, etc.), cannabinoids (marijuana, hashish), cocaine (coke or crack), opiates (heroin, morphine, opium, codeine), or phencyclidine (PCP).
- Extended tests might screen for barbiturates, benzodiazepines, ethanol, hallucinogens, inhalants, or anabolic steroids.
- Tests may involve urine samples, saliva tests, hair samples, sweat patches, breathalyzers, or blood tests.